Ernest Hemingway 1899-1961: A timeline

Portrait of Ernest Hemingway as an American Red Cross volunteer during World War I, Milan, Italy. | Ernest Hemingway Collection. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston.
Portrait of Ernest Hemingway as an American Red Cross volunteer during World War I, Milan, Italy. | Ernest Hemingway Collection. John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston.

1899, July 21

  • Ernest Miller Hemingway born in Oak Park to Clarence E. Hemingway, a family doctor, and Grace Hall Hemingway, a singer and music teacher.

1917, June

  • Hemingway graduates from Oak Park High School, where he was editor of the school newspaper, The Trapeze, and published articles in the literary magazine, Tabula.

1918, May

  • Hemingway volunteers as a Red Cross ambulance driver during World War I in Italy.

1918, July 8

  • Hemingway is wounded while passing out supplies to soldiers. While recovering, he has a romance with nurse Agnes von Kurowsky.

1919, January

  • Hemingway returns to Oak Park without von Kurowsky, who breaks off the engagement via mail.

1920, January-May

  • Hemingway moves to Toronto, Canada as reporter for the Toronto Star.

1920, December

  • Moves back to Chicago.

1921, September 3

  • Hemingway marries his first wife, Hadley Richardson.

1921, December 8

  • The Hemingways move from Chicago to Paris while he works for as a foreign correspondent.

1923, July

  • Ernest takes his first trip to Pamplona, Spain, for bullfights.

1926, October

  • Hemingway’s first novel, “The Sun Also Rises,” is published.

1928, March

  • Leaves Paris for Key West, Florida.

1928, December 6

  • Hemingway’s father commits suicide in Oak Park.

1929, September

  • “A Farewell to Arms” is published to much acclaim.

1940, October

  • “For Whom the Bell Tolls” is published.

1951, June 28

  • Hemingway’s mother dies in Memphis, Tennessee.

1953, May

  • “The Old Man and the Sea” earns Hemingway the Pulitzer Prize.

1954, October

  • Hemingway wins the Nobel Prize in Literature.

1960, November

  • Treatments begin at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, for depression.

1961, July 2

  • Hemingway dies of a self-inflicted gunshot wound in Ketchum, Idaho.
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